Francisco Xavier do Amaral
Francisco Xavier do Amaral was born in 1937 in Turiscai, Same Manufahi District. He is one of the founding members of the Frente Revolucionaria de Timor Leste Independente (FRETILIN). He was sworn in as President of Republic Democratic of Timor-Leste on November 28, 1975. He has been a member of the National Parliament of Timor-Leste for the Timorese Social Democratic Association since 2001. He was one of the members of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (RDTL), which was founded in 1975.
When Indonesia invaded the newly independent country he sought shelter in the mountains. After being captured by the Indonesians in 1978, he was confined to house arrest for 22 years in Jakarta. When Indonesia withdrew its forces from Timor-Leste in 1999, Amaral returned to his home country.
Although he had been rehabilitated into FRETILIN, he was expelled from the party during the resistance period. He went on to establish his own party ASDT, which won three seats at the National Parliament.
He was one of the candidates for the 2002 Presidential Elections. In April 2007 he ran again for the Presidential elections. He did not win both the elections.