Nicolau dos Reis Lobato

Nicolau Lobato pic


Nicolau dos Reis Lobato was born in 1952, in Bazartete , Liquica. He was the first of 13 brothers who all died in the struggle for liberation, except one. His mother was also murdered. He studied in Soibada before being accepted by the Dare seminary. He then left the seminary in 1965, when he was 19 years old. He was sent to the Portuguesa Army in 1996 as a Sergeant. When he returned to Dili he decided to work at the Agronomy mission and later at the Department of Finance.

From 1974 he devoted his time in the creating political parties like Timorese Social Democratic Association (ASDT), Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (FRETILIN) and to the national liberation of Timor-Leste.

After the Carnation revolution in Portugal, FRETLIN unilaterally declared Independence from the Portuguese regime on November 28th, 1975. The first Government was formed on Nov 30th and Lobato was appointed as the Prime Minister of Republic Democratic of Timor-Leste (RDTL).

On Dec 7th the Indonesians invaded Timor-Leste. For the next three years Lobato was the military leader of the Timorese resistance in the mountains. He later became the President of RDTL in 1977. On Dec 31st 1978, Lobato was killed in an ambush lead by the Indonesian army.