Francisco Guterres is the current president of Timor Leste, a renowned political activist who participated alongside the armed front of the Timorese Resistance in the country’s struggles to achieve independence against foreign occupation.
Francisco Guterres: Biographical Data
Francisco Guterres da Costa is originally from the city of Viqueque located southeast of Dili, the capital of East Timor, was born in September 1954.
He is a professional in the area of education, with political experience, who in the beginning belonged to the guerrilla front of the Timorese Resistance (FALINTIL), an armed organization that fought tirelessly against the violent occupation of Indonesia.
FALINTIL is the acronym for Armed Forces of National Liberation of Timor Leste, its military settlement found refuge in the sacred mountains called Foho, right in the center of East Timor.
The majority of the population contributed in some way to the armed struggle, who did not surrender until the nation became a Sovereign State, which they achieved 24 years later.
President Francisco Guterres is the current leader of the Revolutionary Front of Independent East Timor (FRETILIN) political faction, which has always led, faithful to its ideology, of leading East Timor to be a totally independent and prosperous nation.
The origin of the president of Timor Leste is humble, he comes from a low-income family, he lived with his parents and 7 siblings in a Portuguese colony of Viqueque. The family sends him to Dili to complete his education, then he returns to his home community in 1973 to work as an educator.
Until, a year later, the so-called Carnation Revolution broke out, the steps of the nation towards a free country began, for which Guterres decided to take a political position and joined the Democratic Association of Timor party.
When Indonesia forcibly occupies the territories of East Timor and annexes them as one of its provinces, Guterres fully joins in actively participating in the armed struggle, for which he adopts the pseudonym of Lú-Olo.
His career within the armed group led him to obtain the position of General Coordinator of the Council of Armed Resistance, despite the fact that the UN confirms the beginning of a period of transition towards unemployment and the long-awaited independence.
Guterres only laid down his arms a year later, around 2000 when Indonesian troops withdrew from Timor Leste. In 2001 he was elected to the post of President of the Central Committee, and in August of the same year he was elected the main member of the Constituent Assembly.
In 2002, after a dizzying political career and with a firm conviction of the right to live in a sovereign nation, Guterres was elected President of the National Parliament.
His political career continues to rise, he takes up his studies and dedicates himself to the fight for the rights of the people, always using his armed combat name Lú-Olo. He completed his law studies at the National University of Timor Leste, obtaining his law degree on April 24, 2012.
On his way to the presidency, he has the backing of his FRETILIN party, in 2007 he lost against José Ramos Horta, an independent candidate with a past as leader of the resistance. This same year he is reelected as a deputy in parliament.
For the year 2012, he ran for the presidential elections again to see how his rival, another historical leader with popular preference, called José María Vasconcelos, won.
Francisco Guterres finally obtained the victory in the presidential elections, in 2017, this time supported by FRETILIN, to which he added the support of the political party of social democratic ideologies called the National Congress for the Reconstruction of East Timor (CNRT), with which he achieved finally be the President of Timor Leste.